Typology of Tools for urban design governance
Rating tools allow judgments to be made about the quality of design in a systematic and structured manner, usually by parties (e.g. other professionals or community groups) external to, and therefore independent from, the particular design process being evaluated.
– Formative evaluation tools such as indicators or informal design review process which evaluate projects during the design development phase;
– Summative evaluation tools such as certification schemes or competitions which allow design proposals to be evaluated prior to their development.